06
Sep
07

LIST OF INTERPOLATIONS


Below is a list (200 examples) of typical interpolations made to the Quran. These additions have been presented as part of the body of religious percepts. Some among them may have been useful and wholesome considerations although without any religious foundation. For instance, cleaning of teeth with miswak may be useful. But this must not be taken as if ordained by God. We may, of course, enumerate many principles related to the individual’s health, etc.; however, they should not be made into religious principles. Thus, persons may, at their discretion, put on long robes and avoid eating shrimp, but this has nothing to do with religion. All interpretations not based on the Quranic text and are qualified as sins, charitable acts, makruh, haram, sunna are additions. You may have a better idea of the extent of interpolations once you go over the following 200 examples.

 

1. Saying that the Quran being is not self-sufficient and that there is need for additional speculations.
2. Taking the hadiths as a source for Islam.
3. Sectarian scholars pronouncing fatwas or ijtihads (canonical jurisprudence).
4. Practices conforming to sectarian dictates.
5. Equating sects with the religion.
6. Reciting the Quran for the sake of its music without understanding the text.
7. Using the Quran as a book of prayer recited for the souls of the departed.
8. Contributing authority to the Prophet outside the scope of the Quran.
9. The fact that God created everything for the sake of Muhammad.
10. Competition between prophets. Supremacy of some prophets aover other prophets.
11. Imitation of the ways and manners of the Prophet even before his prophethood.
12. The belief that the Quran has missing points which can be found in other books.
13. To announce certain select devotees to be Muslim saints and visit their tombs with all sorts of reverential rituals.
14. To idolize the sheikhs of religious orders.
15. Establishing a type of communication with the sheikhs by a special ritual called rabýta.
16. To claim that only the Sunnites or the Shiites are to go to paradise.
17. To declare the Jews and Christians as the future dwellers of hell.
18. To adopt Arabic customs and traditions as religious practices.
19. To come forth alleging to be reformist with a view to changing the Quranic religion.
20. To formulate religious precepts ascribing them to the Prophet.
21. To claim that the vote of the majority always prevails.
22. To interpret the continuity of sects as evidence of their genuineness.
23. The Hanafi sect.
24. The Shafi sect.
25. The Hanbali sect.
26. The Maliki sect.
27. The Jafari sect.
28. All Sunni and Shii sects.
29. Any sect like Maturidiya, Ashariya.
30. A canon book called Majalla.
31. To deny reason and favor apishness.
32. Hostility against science.
33. Hostility against the arts.
34. To abide by the rules that the book entitled Sahihi Bukhari lays down.
35. To abide by the rules of the hadith book entitled Muslim
36. To abide by the rules of the hadith books Kutub-i Sitte or other such books.
37. To venerate individuals to whom religiosity is ascribed other than the Prophet.
38. The allegation that all of those who had the privilege to set eyes on the Prophet (sahaba) were on the right path.
39. The wearing of the headscarf.
40. The wearing of the veil.
41. Segregation of men and women.
42. The fact that a woman is not allowed to travel alone.
43. The wrong and absurd belief that a woman can never repay the debts she owes to her husband even if she were to lick him from head to foot when he is in a deplorable state covered with pus.
44. “If prostration was permitted to any entity other that God, the wife should prostrate herself before her husband” claimed the hadith.
45. That a woman cannot become a head of state or an administrator.
46. That women have no right to vote for the governing body of the government.
47. That women’s voices must not be audible to men.
48. That women are not allowed to perform the Friday salat.
49. That women is not allowed to perform salat, fast, recite the Quranor enter a mosque during their period.
50. Covering women with all sorts of outer garments.
51. That it is forbidden for women to shake hands with men.
52. That a man is not allowed to sit in a chair previously occupied by a woman whose warmth is still preserved.
53. That a woman cannot stay in an enclosed space where there are men.
54. That women are considered along with dogs and pigs to invalidate the salat of a praying man.
55. That the majority of women are doomed to go to hell.
56. That women are evil by nature.
57. That women lack intelligence.
58. That women must be keptindoors.
59. That it is forbidden for women to wear perfume.
60. That women are not allowed to use makeup.
61. That a wife must obey her husband as a slave does.
62. That a woman is required to have sexual relations whenever her husband calls her.
63. That two female witnesses equal one male witness.
64. That a woman must have her parents’ permission in order to get married.
65. Stoning to death of the adulterer.
66. That the papyrus on which the verse regarding adultery was on was eaten by a goat.
67. Arguments about killing adulterers being practiced even among monkeys.
68. Prohibition of a man’s wearing golden ornaments.
69. Prohibition of men wearing silk.
70. Prohibition of use of golden and silver utensils and plates.
71. Prohibition of sculpture.
72. Prohibition of drawing and painting.
73. Prohibition of chess.
74. Prohibition of musical instruments and music.
75. Prohibition of consumption of seafood like mussels, shrimp, etc.
76. Prohibition of eating the flesh of donkeys, horses or wild animals
77. The fact that kidneys and ram’s testicles are abominable to eat.
78. The fact that smoking is religiously unlawful.
79. That there is a separate list containing things considered to be abominable (makruh).
80. That the sexual act must take place under covers.
81. The prohibition for the couple to look at each other’s sexual organs.
82. Prohibition of masturbation.
83. Prohibition for women to use birth control.
84. That an individual should keep his/her sexual organs covered even when taking a bath lest the angels be offended.
85. Circumcision of men.
86. Circumcision of women.
87. The sunna of letting beards grow.
88. The prohibition of trimming a beard.
89. The sunna according to which the hair had to be parted from the middle of the scalp.
90. The sunna regarding the oiling of hair.
91. The sunna of applying henna to hair and beard.
92. The sunna of applying mascara to the eyes for men.
93. That lying face down is a satanic act.
94. To sleep on a mattress spread on the ground.
95. To use one’s right foot going out of the house or getting up from the bed.
96. To enter a soiled place like a WC with the left foot.
97. Saying that canonical purification of the body can only be performed using water after defecating.
98. The obligation for men to crouch when urinating.
99. The relieve yourself in the direction of Mecca.
100. The fact that eating with the left hand is a satanic act.
101. To wind a turban.
102. To use miswak to clean the teeth.
103. To wear a robe with a long skirt reaching down to one’s feet.
104. For men to wear a loose dress (antari). .
105. To wear shalwar (a type of wide trousers) as sunna.
106. To interpret as a meritorious act the wearing of white, green or black raiment.
107. The prohibition to wear yellow or red.
108. To consider eating dates or squash as meritorious acts.
109. To eat seated on the ground.
110. To eat from the same dish with others.
111. To eat with three fingers.
112. To drink water in three gulps.
113. To drink water in a seated position.
114. To lick one’s fingers after having eaten with them.
115. Not to use perfumes containing alcohol.
116. Not to use eau de cologne.
117. To kill black dogs.
118. Not to let dogs into the home.
119. To cover the mirrors at night.
120. To perform black magic with or without the use of the Quran.
121. To write on and wear amulets.
122. To use the Quran as a book of magic.
123. To believe that whistling is a satanic act.
124. To knock on wood or wear trinkets against the evil eye.
125. To take fortunetellers and magicians for religious figures.
126. Feasts celebrated at the end of the holy month of Ramadan and on the occasion of sacrifices.
127. To avoid passing underneath a ladder and to consider black cats, black dogs as ominous signs and to melt lead against the evil eye.
128. To believe that there are special days on which linen can be washed and sexual intercourse can be performed.
129. To recite the Mevlit (poem written to celebrate the birth and the death of the Prophet) for the souls of the departed.
130. To hold ceremonies for the soul of the dead on the 7th, 40th and 52nd days after death.
131. Stories concocted about the suffering that the dead is to be subjected to after burial.
132. Rumors about the bridge of Sýrat from this world to paradise, more slender than a hair and sharper than a sword and a person’s traversing it riding the animal he sacrificed in this world.
133. The belief that a person who cannot avoid his urine from sprinkling on his clothes shall undergo excruciating torture in the grave.
134. To fast in the place of a dead person.
135. To go on Hajj in the place of a dead person.
136. That tears shed after a death will cause his soul to suffer beyond endurance.
137. To predict the hour of the Day of Judgment.
138. The Muslim Messiah, Mahdi.
139. The Antichrist.
140. To say that Dabbe has the ears of an elephant, eyes of a hog and head of an ox.
141. The Second Coming of Christ.
142. The belief that Agog and Magog are Turks.
143. Racism, superiority of the Arabic race.
144. The belief that Agog and Magog are the homunculus.
145. To set down prayer hours not indicated in the Quran.
146. To proscribe a certain number of rakats as a binding duty.
147. The requirement of performing the salat by reciting verses in the original Arabic language.
148. Prohibition for women to conduct the congregational prayer.
149. To have to repeat always the same thing during the kneeling and prostrating in the course of the performance of the salat.
150. The obligation to recite the fatiha at every rakat.
151. The obligation to sit and recite attahiyyat at the end of the salat.
152. To make a long list of the particular requirements during the salat not mentioned in the Quran.
153. To make a detailed description of the praying man with regard to his posture,such as how he will place his hands).
154. That the compensation of a willfully broken fast is two months without interruption.
155. Special salats like the taravih (the superfluous night service during the month of Ramadan performed immediately after the prescribed night service of worship, consisting of twenty genuflections with an interval for rest and breathing after each two or four acts), and the congregational prayers at the end of the month of fasting and at the festival of sacrifice.
156. To put people in misery by restricting the period of Hajj to a short space of time.
157. The stoning of Satan during the Hajj.
158. To slaughter animals at the Festival of Sacrifice.
159. To believe that certain restrictions start after the Hajj.
160. Calling holy the water from the well zamzam, to pray over sugar or salt for luck.
161. To give zakat (alms, charity) as 1/40 of one’s assets.
162. To assign special rates for zakat for camels, sheep and agricultural products.
163. The belief that one invalidates his ablution by certain acts other than nature’s call.
164. The belief that total ablution (ghusl) is required not only after sexual intercourse but also by other causes.
165. To make the order of acts during the performance of ablution strictly binding.
166. To say that rinsing one’s mouth and blowing one’s nose during the major ablution is a binding duty.
167. The requirement of washing one’s heels along with the feet.
168. Details such as the obligation of pouring water three times each to the right and left of a person performing the total ablution.
169. The requirement of total ablution before reciting the Quran.
170. Saying that one sins when he/she goes about not having performed total ablution.
171. The nullification of ablutions for a person who has a tooth filled.
172. The nullification of ablutions for men/women having a tattoo.
173. Martyrdom for those having died in an earthquake or a flood.
174. Martyrdom of those having suffered stomach pains.
175. That the earth is supported by an ox or a fish.
176. The belief that earthquakes occur when the fish shakes its tail.
177. The fact that the moon is unattainable.
178. To define the setting of the sun as the loss of the sun as a guide for prostrating.
179. The belief that the eclipses of the sun and the moon occur when they are drawn by carriages equipped with handles.
180. Existence of angels in the form of bulls, lions and eagles.
181. Accounts related to the 600 wings of Gabriel.
182. God’s opening His calf in paradise.
183. God’s touching the back of the Prophet.
184. God’s coming down on earth on special days to shake the hands of His creatures.
185. The bargaining between God and the Prophet for the reduction of the times of salat from 50 down to 5.
186. Institution of the caliphate.
187. The sultanate and the making the subjects into slaves of the political power.
188. Classes of clergy.
189. To sanctify the Arabic language and ascribe sanctity to the Arabic letters.
190. To terrorize people with the countries outside the dominion of Islam (Dar-ul Harb).
191. To loot and disregard the rights of people living outside the dominion of Islam.
192. To beat or kill persons who refuse to perform salat.
193. To compel people to fast and beat those who fail to do so.
194. To beat women who have put on makeup and go around uncovered.
195. To kill the renegades (of Islam to other religions).
196. To flog the renegades (even those who convert from one sect to another).
197. To make conquests merely for the sake of looting.
198. To beat drunkards.
199. To use force and compel people to abide by religious rules.
200. To call Islam by the names of sects, etc.

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