Of all topics most popular in today’s media, issues concerning homosexuals and homosexuality in general top the list. Homosexuality is generally defined as a sexual relationship between partners of the same sex. Debate concerning its causes and consequences has been going on for many centuries and almost in every period in human history. However, never before in human history has it been granted such wide scale acceptance in western society as it has now. The question that I seek to answer in this paper is whether such wide scale acceptance should in fact be granted to homosexual behavior? Is such behavior rational, scientifically functional or is it actually detrimental to the high level of civilization that we’ve achieved?


Scientifically speaking , sex is a means to an end. The end being the propagation of the human race. This end can never be fulfilled by sex between males (in the case of gays) or between females (in the case of lesbians). Therefore, the general conclusion is that homosexuality is irrational and illogical.

If we consider the construction of the bodies of the male and female, what is noticed at once is that the construction of a body of a male (the penis and the anus- i.e no vagina) does not accommodate having sex with another male. Nor does the construction of a body of a female (no penis, a vagina) accommodate sex with another female. What is obvious to common sense is that the construction and location of specific sexual organs in the bodies of a male and a female accommodate sex between a male and a female and not among members of the same sex.

Therefore, the conclusion once again is that homosexuality is an unnatural and an irrational

The case with birth control is different to the “cause & effect” argument above[this point was brought up in my meeting in class with the SMSU (Southwest Missouri State) Gay & Lesbian Alliance]. Birth control is simply the further delaying or prevention of a naturally occurring delaying process. The egg (ovum), which when fertilized develops into a zygote, which then eventually develops into the fetus, is released in the female’s body in a specific period of time and pregnancy is caused only if a sperm fuses with the egg in that specific time period. If the egg is not fertilized during that period, then the cycle in humans ends in menstruation. (Encyclopedia Britannica, vol 26, Macropaedia 701-703)


It was clearly recognized by experts who were objective and unprejudiced, that psychologically speaking homosexuality is an abnormal behavior. However large scale lobbying by homosexuals and certain psychologists brought in biases into this scientific field of inquiry and hence the truth got masked and the results are stated below:

“Before 1973 the DSM [Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders] listed
homosexuality as a sexual disorder. Protests by gay activist groups and many psychotherapists eventually led to its elimination from the manual as a sexual disorder per se, but the DSM did retain a category called “ego dystotic homosexuality- the feeling of extreme distress over one’s homosexual preference”. DSM III R has dropped even this category, and the issue of homosexuality is no longer mentioned (Comer 480).”

“Until the early 1970’s the U.S psychiatric establishment classified homosexuality as a
mental illness, but that designation was dropped amid increased political activity and efforts by homosexuals to be seen as individuals exercising different sexual preferences rather than aberrant personalities (Encyclopedia Britannica, vol 6, 31).”

Homosexuality is proven to be a learned behavior according to experiments with clinical
cases of intersexuality. At puberty, the individuals in question were “generally attracted to the sex opposite to their sex of rearing [even if it be opposite to their genetic sex of males, having X & Y chromosomes and females both X chromosomes] This suggests that sexual orientation is primarily established in post natal experiences (Encyclopedia Britannica, vol 27, 247)

There has however been great debate concerning the nature versus nurture question concerning homosexuality:

i) Brain Difference: The most recent one seems to indicate a certain difference in certain parts of the brains of homosexual people. What has however not been resolved is whether such difference in the brains was the cause or the effect of homosexual behavior. Further many people in the sample studied had Aids and Aids in its later stages affects the brain. Therefore no strong conclusions can scientifically be drawn from such a study.

ii) Hormonal Differences: when hormones are artificially altered in female animal’s bodies
[introducing excess androgen prenatally] it makes them behave more like males even showing mating preference for members of the same sex. (Britannica, vol 27 ,248-249).

The same source however, also narrates that changing the hormone level postnatally does not mean that sexual preference for partners will change. The only thing that will change will be
the arousal level.

Therefore, based on the above, I believe I can justifiably conclude that abnormal sexual preference even when it becomes “normal” to a particular individual due to abnormal circumstances like the above, can be controlled. If every male took his sexual desires towards every attractive female to their conclusion, you can well imagine the galloping rate of rapes in this or any other society. Just because certain individuals experience sexual desires towards members of the same sex, because something went wrong somewhere, does not at all mean that they should engage in homosexual behavior or that their behavior be accepted without question or search for a solution.

iii) The Gay Gene: Even though many “political” efforts have been made by gays to attribute sexual orientation to the infamous “gay gene,” nothing conclusive has been found. The study that is cited has fallen our of favor due to the biased nature of the sample and its taking into account only gay men and not lesbians.

1) From psychiatrist Jeffrey Satinover, M.D.:

“Like all complex behavioral and mental states, homosexuality is…neither exclusively biological nor exclusively psychological, but results from an as-yet-difficult-to-quantitate mixture of genetic factors, intrauterine influences…postnatal environment (such as parent, sibling and cultural behavior), and a complex series of repeatedly reinforced choices occurring at critical phases of development.”

–J. Satinover, M.D., Homosexuality and the Politics of Truth (1996). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books.

2) William Byne, a psychiatrist with a doctorate in biology, and Bruce Parsons (1993) carefully analyzed all the major biological studies of homosexuality. They found none that definitively supported a biological theory of causation. –W. Byne and B. Parsons, “Human Sexual Orientation: The Biologic Theories Reappraised.”

Archives of General Psychiatry 50, no.3.)

3) Psychiatrists Friedman and Downey state that “a biopsychosocial model” best fits our knowledge of causation, with various combinations of temperament and environmental events leading to homosexuality. They say:

“Despite recent neurobiological findings suggesting homosexuality is genetically-biologically determined, credible evidence is lacking for a biological model of homosexuality.”

–R. Friedman, M.D. and J. Downey, M.D., Journal of Neuropsychiatry, vol. 5, No. 2, Spring l993.

4) From sociologist Steven Goldberg, Ph.D.:

“Virtually all of the evidence argues against there being a determinative physiological causal factor and I know of no researcher who believes that such a determinative factor exists…such factors play a predisposing, not a determinative role…I know of no one in the field who argues that homosexuality can be explained without reference to environmental factors.”

I would like to add as a conclusion. If we take the arrow of implication backwards, some people have a predisposition to alcohol, that doesn’t mean that they should abuse alcohol and that no therapy is effective.

5) An article on genes and behavior in Science magazine says:

“…the interaction of genes and environment is much more complicated than the simple “violence genes” and intelligence genes” touted in the popular press. Indeed, renewed appreciation of environmental factors is one of the chief effects of the increased belief in genetics’ effects on behavior. The same data that show the effects of genes also point to the enormous influence of non-genetic factors.”

–C. Mann, “Genes and behavior,” Science 264:1687 (1994), pp. 1686-1689.

For more information on the “gene” factor this site (from which the above 5 quotes are taken) is helpful:



There is absolutely no doubt that Christianity, Judaism and Islam, the three most widely embraced religions in America condemn homosexual behavior in the strongest terms:

According to the Old Testament & the Koran, the people of Lot were destroyed because they engaged in homosexual behavior and were unrepenting and un accepting of God’s admonishment (Holy Bible, Genesis chapter 13, 14, 18, 19; Koran 7:80-84; 4:16 etc)
In the book of Romans, in the Bible [New Testament], Paul states:

“Their women exchanged natural relations for unnatural and the men likewise gave up natural relations with women and were consumed with passion for one another, men committing shameless acts with men and receiving in their own persons the due penalty for their error (Romans 1:22-27).”

The above verse also condemns those who worship God in the image of a man i.e those who believe in the concept of a “God- incarnate”.


i) Aids: Among the groups that have directly and indirectly contributed to the wide scale spread of Aids to even innocent patients like children are homosexuals and their practice of anal sex.

“There are specific behaviors that place people at a high risk for AIDS. The first is anal sex which can cause rectal bleeding and thereby allow easy transmission of HIV. This practice is therefore extremely dangerous and, of course, the greater the number of sexual partners, the greater the risk. Anal sex is commonly practiced by Gay males in some cases with many sexual partners.
For this reason about two thirds of persons with Aids are homosexual or bi-sexual males
(Macionis 545:1987).”

The above statistic of two thirds shows the trend in the spread of AIDS a few years after it
was recognized as a threat (1987). Even today according the the General Social Survey of the University of Chicago (Smith 1998) gay men are at the highest risk of contracting AIDS.
Aids results in many national cost problems too:

“….The cost of treating Aids already exceeds $150,000 per person and may rise further as new therapies develop….Added to the direct medical costs are the tens of billions of dollars in lost earnings and productivity…There is little doubt that Aids is a medical and social problem of monumental proportions (Macionis 545).”


According to common sense, science, logic, psychology and religion – i.e all those aspects of present society, that have contributed to its civilization, homosexuality is irrational, illogical, abnormal and an immoral behavior. Those who practice is should not be personally condemned but their behavior should and solutions to their ills be found, and the free practice of homosexual behavior be stopped, so that our society prospers. If clear and concrete evidence were indeed found in the other direction, I would gladly change my above conclusions. Therefore let our end be towards the truth!

“..What is left after the truth except error? How then are you turned away.” (Koran10:32)


Comer, Ronald J. Abnormal Psychology. New York, W.H Freeman & Co, 1992

Holy Bible, Revised Standard Version, Iowa, World Bible Publishers Inc, 1971.

“Homosexuality”, Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol 6 (Micropaedia). 15th ed, 1990

Koran. Translation, Picthall, M. Marmaduke, Lahore, Taj co 1981.

Macionis, John J. Sociology. New Jersey, Prentice Hall International, 1987.

“Reproduction & Reproductive Systems”, Encyclopaedia Britannica,vol 26 (Macropaedia), 15th ed. 1990.

“Sex & Sexuality”, Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol 27 (Macropaedia). 15th ed, 1990.

Smith, Tom. 1998. General Social Survey, Topic 25. University of Chicago.

Note on homosexuality in the animal kingdom:

I) Discussed under hormonal errors above.

II) A comparison with the animal kingdom is not justified. Animals at times kill and eat their offspring too, as the exception and not the general rule. We cannot therefore justify the killing of our children just because it “happens” in the animal kingdom. Homosexuality is not the rule but an exception.

please visit Muhammed A. Asadi’s website at:



  1. 1 Bad
    September 6, 2007 at 6:12 pm

    A comparison with the animal kingdom is not justified.

    Of course it is: it demonstrates that there is lots of natural sexual variation, and the fact that it is especially common in social animals demonstrates that it may have been selected for some social purpose.

    Your discussion of “science” is deeply confused: science does not speak normatively, as you seem to employ it.

    Furthermore, while there is a significant legitimate debate over the causes of homosexuality being genetic or environmental, few legitimate scientists believe that it is glibly anyone’s choice: even if it were 100% non-genetic that doesn’t mean that people can change their sexuality willy-nilly.

    And the view that homosexuality is psychologically dysfunctional is an extreme minority view in the psychological community. Not because of lobbying, but because psychology is no longer based on ideas of single conventions and norms, but rather on measures of psychological health, functioning, well-being, and so on.

  2. 2 Farthel
    September 6, 2007 at 6:32 pm

    Maybe it is irrational, and illogical. Then again so is love. But will accepting homosexuality change your life? I mean, there are some couples that want to live their lives and there is no reason for you to care. It is their choise. Maybe it seems immoral and abnormal to you, but for other people it is just love. In my personal view, it doesn’t matter who you love or who you sleep with, as long as you love.
    Maybe you think we should stop them from being that way, maybe you think that society will fall down if we accept it. Then again, maybe not. You can´t see the future, all you can do is think about it. Who are we to condemn love and try to change it’s manifestations? For me, we are nothing. Long life to love.

  3. 3 samy
    September 6, 2007 at 11:18 pm

    We love many people that we don’t marry. If there were no restrictions on marriage and feelings were all that mattered, fathers could marry their own daughters, brothers could marry sisters, and people could marry their dog. Were there no restrictions on marriage, the possible arrangements would be endless. If marriage is based solely on one’s affections, the need for companionship, or the desire for genital stimulation, then there is no logical reason for not legalizing polygamous, incestuous or pedophilic marriages. The redefinition of marriage could reduce it to a commitment between any two individuals or entities and there are many relationships in society that would meet the new definition. A marriage license fulfills a specific purpose which is to order society into families based on marriage between a man and a woman which has proven to be the best environment in which to raise children.

  4. September 7, 2007 at 4:30 pm

    I know that there will be many who disagree with me on this matter, but here my thoughts anyway. Because the man was sent to war while mothers and other women nursed and cared for the children, focus on our respective duties in society was very urgent. Since men only fought, of course, men in the trenches should not have any sexual thoughts toward their comrades. Also loyalty was measured by how you kept your word as in your vows to your wives. Nowadays, women go into the trenches as well, so sexuality period is forbidden in today’s setting during combat.

    I don’t embrace the idea that homosexuality being a threat to society as much as I do making a promise one knows he/she cannot or will not keep. In Islamic cults/sects/denominations, there is this trend to follow fanaticism which is opposed by the Qur’an. For example, “lowering your gaze” is somehow translated as “physical modesty” when modesty refers to not over- or underdoing soemthing – being fanatical. Another example is religious fanatics making claims against things that are/may be/possibly are bad when they should instead be promoting things that are good. In that light, I find someone condemning human beings because of their life styles more loathesome in the eyes of God than a person who is diligent in reading and obeying what is written in the Qur’an. Such people are loving, kind, generous, and privately devout while their external walk speaks for itself on that note.

    Here are the key things I look for in a truly devout Muslim: 1) He walks a Godly life and does not preach about his own life which is patterned after the Qur’an; 2) He investigates his/her Qur’an; 3) He/she is not a member of an Islamic cult such as a sect or denomination of Islam; and 4) His/her word is trustworthy and devoted to keeping and seeking peace. All others should be ostracized by true Muslims trying to live the life God commands us to live.

    Everything I have written above can even be backed up by the Qur’an, but not all ahadiyth.

  5. 5 Nona
    September 10, 2007 at 12:19 pm

    for me homosexuals are just a segment of our society that do not enjoy the real pleasure of sex and a normal life raising kids etc etc… yet i don see it as threatening the societ since they are a group minding their own busines enjoying the pleasures we enjoy in their own way!! (eventhough i still think they are mssing out) it could be an illogocal act and since there is no evidence that genetic or hormonal factors play any role in the development of homosexuality then those who approach sex with the same sex in my opinion have lived through a phase that drove them to that either they have identity problems or i dnt know.. therefore they should not be eliminated or cast out they should just be accepted as they are because what ever they always would have justified reasons that drove them to that and theya re not harming the society in any way if anything they re harming themselves and they are the ones not enjoying the real pleasures of life… (i m just stating my opinion about homosexuality and homosexuals)

  6. 6 Nona
    September 10, 2007 at 12:24 pm

    PLUS i wouldnt get religion into that cz thats the least nowadays that is going against religion… it is against religion yes agreed but rape, killing, terrorism, greed etc etc. all against anyreligion and all the baove mentioned require another party that is harmed.. homosexuals are just a segment enjoying sex different than how we do and minding their own business!!!!

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