21
May
07

where was mohammed? part 1,2,3

Preface: This article has been written with the intent of looking into humankind’s history through the legacy of the Patriarch Abraham and some of the messengers that followed. The search for the actual Mohammed will take us to several locations in the Middle East, ending with conclusions that are quite different from today’s perceived history.

———————————

Over 1,400 years ago a new ‘Scripture’ was introduced to the World which re-confirmed man’s covenant with God and re-introduced the laws of God that were similarly revealed to Abraham, Moses and Jesus.

This Scripture was known as the ‘Quran,’ and its recipient (an Arab speaker) was to spread the word to all regions – starting with his own.

“And this is a Scripture which We have sent down, blessed, authenticating what is present with him, and that you may warn the capital of the towns and those around it. And those who believe in the Hereafter believe in it, and they are dedicated to their contact-method.” (The Message 6:92)

This new Prophet was Mohammed (see 48:29) , and in this article we will attempt to separate ‘Myth’ from ‘Reality’ and piece together the correct narration of where he lived, and where he preached, from the Scripture itself…

Part I – History of Messengers.

The revelations in the Scripture serve to provide us with much information about communities of the past and about their lives without which we would be left fumbling for information.

“We relate to you the best stories through what We have inspired to you in this Quran; and before it you were of those who were unaware.” (The Message 12:3)

1. Noah.

The first history we are given in the Quran after our father Adam is the prophet Noah with the incident of the Great Flood. This was the time when all civilization on Earth was simply ‘wiped-out’ and man-kind had to start again.

“They denied him (Noah), so We saved him and those with him in the Ship, and We drowned those who denied Our revelations; they were a blind people.” (The Message 7:64)

Thus, the slate was wiped clean.

“So We saved him (Naoh) and the people on the ship, and We made it (the Ark) a sign for the worlds.” (The Message 29:15)
Although there is debate as to whether the flood was local or global, the implications of a global flood would place the history of Noah many millions of years back in Earth`s history (see link on Noah and the Great Flood).

2. ‘Aad – People of Hud.

After Noah’s community, the next nation that we hear about from the Scripture being established is that of ‘Aad (Hud is there messenger).

Hud tells his people:

“Are you surprised that a reminder has come to you from your Lord through a man from amongst you to warn you? And recall that he made you successors after the people of Noah, and He increased you in status. So recall God’s grace, that you may succeed.”  (The Message 7:69)

“As for ‘Aad, they turned arrogant on Earth, without any right, and they said: “Who is mightier than us in strength?” Did they not see that God, who created them, was mightier than they in strength? And they were denying Our revelations.” (The Message 41:15)

This indicates to us that although other people may have been roaming the Earth, ’Aad was a power unto its own which earned them the status of a nation and earned them the right to be sent a messenger (only nations large enough to have capitals are sent messengers 28:60).

Ø       Their Punishment:

“Consequently, We sent upon them violent wind, for a few miserable day, that We may let them taste the humiliating retribution in this life, and the retribution of the Hereafter is more humiliating; they can never win.” (The Message 41:16)

3. ‘Thamud’ – People of Saleh.

The next in the line of Nations are the people of ‘Thamud’.

“And recall that He made you (Thamud) successors after ‘Aad, and He established you in the land so that you make palaces on its plains, and you carve homes in the mountains. So recall God’s grace, and do not roam the Earth as corrupters.” (The Message 7:74)

In the above verse, it is made clear to us that Thamud were taking their homes in the mountains and the flat of the Valley.

Ø       Their Punishment:

“And ‘Aad and Thamud (were annihilated). Much was made apparent to you from their dwellings. The devil had adorned their works in their eyes, thus he diverted them from the path, even though they could see.” (The Message 29:38)

Recent evidence suggests that Thamud were located in the area of north west Syria where the remains of a giant camel have been found in accordance with the sign that the messenger Saleh brought to his people (see link on Saleh and Thamud).

4. Abraham.

Now that we have seen the development of nations after Noah, we will move on to the story of Abraham in which many developments take place.

Ø       Abraham leaves the town he lived in due to his people idolatry;

“And he (Abraham) said: “You have taken idols besides God in order to preserve some friendship among you in this worldly life. But then, on the Day of Resurrection, you will disown one another, and curse one another. Your destiny is Hell, and you will have no victors.” (The Message 29:25)

Ø       Abraham is shown the location of the ‘Shrine/Sanctuary’;

“And We have appointed to Abraham the location of the Sanctuary: “Do not set up anyone with Me, and purify My Sanctuary for those who will partake, and those who will enforce, and those who kneel and prostrate.” (The Message 22:26)

Ø       The Sanctuary is in a ‘blessed land’ also called ‘Bakka’;

“The first Sanctuary established for the people is the one in Bakk’a, blessed, and a guidance for the worlds.” (The Message 3:96)

Ø       Abraham with Ismail raise the foundations of the Sanctuary;

“And as Abraham raised the foundations for the Sanctuary with Ishmael: “Our Lord accept this from us, You are the Hearer, the Knowledgeable.” (The Message 2:127)

Ø       The Sanctuary is declared for Pilgrimage;

“The Safa and Marwa are amongst God’s symbols. So whosoever makes Pilgrimage to the Sanctuary, or is merely passing through, commits no error that he should traverse them. And whoever donates for goodness, then God is Appreciative, Knowledgeable.” (The Message 2:158)

Ø       One of Abraham’s progeny `Zuriya` resides in an area near the  Sanctuary:

Our Lord, I have resided part of my progeny (Zuriya) in an uncultivated valley near your Restricted Sanctuary. My Lord, so that they may uphold the Salat. So let the hearts of the people incline towards them and give provisions to them of the fruits that they may give thanks.” (The Message 14:37)
There are two pieces of information from the events with Abraham that will become key to topic at hand:
  1. The Sanctuary is located in a place called “Bakka”;
  2. That Abraham helped one of his progeny (no name mentioned) reside in a valley near the Sanctuary.

5. Lot.

Before moving on to Mohammed, it is important to bring one more character into the history, that of the messenger Lot.

Ø       Lot emigrates with Abraham;

“Thus, Lot believed with him and said: “I am emigrating to my Lord. He is the Noble, the Wise.” (The Message 29:26)

Ø       Lot is from Abraham’s progeny;

“And such was Our argument that We gave Abraham over his people; We raise the degree of whom We please. Your Lord is Wise, Knowledgeable. And We granted him Isaac and Jacob, both of whom We guided; and Noah We guided from before; and from his progeny `Zuriya` is David, and Solomon, and Job, and Joseph, and Moses, and Aaron. It is such that We reward the good doers. And Zachariah and John, and Jesus, and Elias; all were from the upright. And Ishmael and Elisha and Jonah and Lot; and each We have preferred over the worlds.” (The Message 6:83-86)

This is the part that most Muslim scholars totally missed, although in Christian and Jewish scriptures there is recognition of a blood relation between Abraham and Lot (Lot is recognized as Abraham’s nephew).

Ø       Lot settles around a  community which turns wicked:

“And Lot, when he said to his people: ‘You commit a lewdness that no others in the world have done before! You sexually approach men, and you commit highway robbery, And you bring all vice to your society.’ But the only response from his people was to Say: “Bring us God’s retribution, if you are being truthful!” (The Message 29:28-30)
Ø       The town of Lot  is near/on an established path:
“And it (town of Lot) was on an established path. In that is a sign for the believers.” (The Message 15:76-77)

Ø       The people of Lot rebel and are destroyed:

“He said: “Here are my daughters if it is your intention.” By your life, they are in their drunkenness, blundering. So the scream took them at sunrise. Thus We turned it upside down, and rained upon them with fiery projectiles.” (The Message 15:71-74)
“They said: “O Lot, we are your Lord’s messengers; they will not be able to harm you, so travel with your family during the cover of the night and let not any of you look back except for your wife, she will be afflicted with what they will be afflicted. Their appointed time will be the morning. Is the morning not near?” (The Message 11:81)

Ø       Lot’s town is left partially standing as a ‘Sign’:

And We left remains of it as a clear sign for a people who understand.” (The Message 29:35)
 “And We have left in it a sign for those who fear the painful retribution.” (The Message 51:37)

Where Was Lot’s Town?
With regards to the location of the town of Lot (Sodom & Gomorrah), it is generally viewed that the area around the ‘Dead Sea’ in Jordan/Palestine is where the historic events took place (the Dead Sea until today retains the name of `Sea of Lot`).
Some of the clues we are given about the location of Lot include:
  •  The town of Lot was on an established path (15:76-77);

  •  Signs are left from the town for all to see (51:37, 29:35);

The key information from the points above that will help is the one about the ‘established path’. If we look at the current evidence of ancient highways/paths that used to intersect the region, then we find that there is indeed the ‘King’s Highway’ that dates back to before the time of Moses and is still in existence today.
“The King’s Highway crossed half the Fertile Crescent, from Egypt to Syria, spreading goods and culture throughout the Middle East. It has been a favored trail since before history was recorded and today is paved for the most part.” (http://www.ancientroute.com/HeadrFtr/tkingshwy.htm)
Staying in the vicinity of the Dead Sea, and looking at the path of the King`s Highway, we find there are a number of ancient towns that are potential candidates for being the location of Lot (Petra, Zoara, Karak and Madaba).

Petra.

Out of the choice of ancient towns near the Dead Sea, it appears that Petra is the better choice based on its abundance of surviving archeological evidence in the form of the homes of the people who last lived there:

Petra also happens to be situated in a ‘Valley’ and, although it is in an area that lacks abundant water sources, its inhabitants constructed an  advanced hydraulic water system to bring water to the city.

Petra has only recently been attracting archeological excavations; however, excavations have only been done on less than 2% of the ancient city. According to some archeological research, Petra dates back to 3,500 BC:

“In Abraham’s time, Petra was known as Salah. It is located in the mountains of Seir, the land of the Edomites. Petra is the Greek name for Sela, or Selah, a city of ancient Edom. The Hebrew word sela means “lofty, craggy rock, fortress, stronghold, cliff.”

The site of Petra seems to indicate the presence of multiple civilizations, the last of which were the Nabateans (Arabs) and the Romans (Byzantines) upto the 6th century A.D. when it was struck by a devastating earthquake in 551 A.D. and the city fell out of disuse (http://nabataea.net/lhistory.html).

Thus, in conclusion to this part of the research, it can be said with some confidence that the ancient city of Petra is indeed the location where the people of Lot resided with Lot being from the progeny of Abraham.

Part II – Mohammed

Now that we have looked at the sequences and clues with regards to the previous messengers, it is time to move on to the seal of the prophets, Mohammed: 

“And if Our revelations are recited to them, they Say: “We have listened, and if we wish, we could have said the same thing. This is nothing but tales of the ancients!” And they said: “Our god, if this is the truth (this Quran) from You, then send down upon us a rain of stones from the sky or bring on us a painful retribution.” But God was not to punish them while you (Mohammed) are with them, nor will God punish them while they continue to seek forgiveness. And why should God not punish them when they are turning others away from the Restricted Temple, and they were never its protectors! Its protectors are the righteous; but most of them do not know. And their Salat at the Sanctuary was nothing but noise and aversion. Taste the retribution for what you have rejected.” (The Message 8:31-35)

Here we have a number of conclusive points which need to be looked at:

Ø       Revelations are newly being revealed through Mohammed (8:31);

Ø       The Restricted Temple/Sanctuary is at this location/place (8:34-35);

Ø       Mohammed is living amongst these people (8:33);

Taking all the previous information into account, this would mean that Mohammed began his mission in Baca where Abraham originally with Ismail established God’s Restricted Temple/Sanctuary.

Now, according to the Sunnis and Shia, we are told that this location is Mecca (Arabia) where the great Kabaa (cube) is located and where millions of pilgrims have made their way for centuries to visit this shrine while performing the rituals/rites of pilgrimage.

However, we must pause here for a moment and ask some vital questions:

1.   Since the pilgrimage was first called to by Abraham and was known by the prophets who came after him (e.g. Moses making an oath – measured by the years of pilgrimage), then why are the so-called followers of Moses and Jesus (Jews & Nazarenes) unaware of the significance of Mecca or the need to visit the Temple there?

2.   If Mecca was the place where Abraham first raised the Shrine, then why do the Sunnis and Shia claim in their history that the prophet and his followers were facing Jerusalem in their daily Salat before switching to Mecca a few years later?

3.   If the Sunnis and Shia are fabricating the history of the Jerusalem qibla (focal point), then why is there physical evidence found in the form of a mosque with two qiblas located in Medina and dating back to the prophet’s time?

4. What benefit do the Sunnis and Shia have in promoting (to this day) that Jerusalem was the 1st qibla?

The reason for the above questions and the obvious doubt that is being placed on Mecca’s authenticity is not due to any secret conspiracy or hidden agenda, but is due to the existence of evidence in the Scripture which has been totally ignored by the masses.

Ø       Bakk`a is Jerusalem, not Mecca;

The first Sanctuary established for the people is the one in Bakk’a, blessed, and a guidance for the worlds.” (The Message 3:96)

The most obvious and important piece of information that is often overlooked is that God calls the place where His first Sanctuary is located is called “Bakk`a”. Now, while Bakka and Mecca may rhyme, they are obviously not the same place as Bakka is still until today known as a name from Jerusalem, not Mecca.

“Blessed are they that dwell in thy house: they will be still praising thee. Selah. Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee; in whose heart are the ways of them. Who passing through the valley of Baca make it a well; the rain also fills the pools. They go from strength to strength, every one of them in Zion appears before God. O Lord God of hosts, hear my prayer: give ear, O God of Jacob. Selah. [Psalm 84:4-8]

The name `Baca` has been retained in ancient scriptures and is the given as the name of the area which is reached as pilgrims exited the valley of Rephaim from the south west that led to mount Zion in the heart of Jerusalem (Samuel 5:22-23).

In-fact, the name Baka is still retained for that very same area that approaches the heart of Jerusalem from the south west:

The area of the south west in the above recent map of Jerusalem is still named “Baka” (click map to enlarge)

In realization of this significant fact, some defenders of Mecca have argued (without evidence) that Baca was the ancient name for Mecca – Arabia.

Now, this argument would be worth examining had it not been for the Quran discrediting such a claim by mentioning Mecca by name in a different verse as being a town which was hostile to the prophet and which stood in the way of the pilgrims as they attempted to reach the Restricted Temple (i.e. the Temple is not in Mecca, but rather beyond it, making it clear that Mecca and Baca have never been one in the same):

“And He is the One who withheld their hands against you, and your hands against them in the interior of Mecca, after He had made you victorious over them. God is Seer of what you do. They are the ones who rejected and barred you from the Restricted Temple, and barred your donations from reaching their destination. And there had been believing men and women whom you did not know, and you may have hurt them, and on whose account you would have committed a sin unknowingly. God will admit into His mercy whomever He wills. Had they become separated, We would then have punished those of them who rejected with a painful retribution.” (48:24-25)

 Ø       More clues for Jerusalem;

“And call out to mankind with the Pilgrimage, they will come to you walking and on every transport, they will come from every deep enclosure. So that they may witness benefits for themselves and recall God’s name in the appointed days over what He has provided for them of the animal livestock. So eat from it and feed the needy and the poor.” (The Message 22:27-28)

Looking at the verse above which speaks of pilgrimage, it is noted that the location of the pilgrimage is clearly elevated hence people are coming to it ‘from every deep enclosure’. As already pointed out, Jerusalem is located well above sea level (averaging 2,700 ft), making it an ideal description for people which would be approaching it from the low lands.

 Ø       Location of the Temple (Dome of the Rock?);

 

Aerial view of the Dome of the Rock that is situated on the Temple Mount area

An architectural masterpiece, the Dome was built in 687 A.D. by AbdulMalik Bin Marwan in what is still a puzzle to historians as the Dome was not constructed like any mosque, but more like a ‘temple/shrine’:

What is so unique is that the Dome of the Rock was never built as a mosque and was never used for this purpose. The character of the building is not that of a typical mosque. No similar building can be found anywhere else in the Islamic world. It was not built facing Mecca but as an octagonal form corresponding to the points of the compass. The main entrance is from the south, not the south-east (the direction of Mecca) as in other mosques. The builders did not build a Michrab (showing the direction of Mecca) in the southern part of the building. Even today, when the Arabs pray on the Temple Mount they do not do it in this building. Only in 1947 did the Mufti Hajamim el Husseini, who made a covenant with Hitler agreeing to kill all the Jews in the land of Israel, decide to build a Michrab. He explained that the Jews were going to rebuild the Temple on the same location of the Dome of the Rock, the site of the First and Second Temples; in this way he believed he would be able to prevent it. However, this act never made the Dome into a mosque and the Moslems continued to pray in the El Aqsa mosque on the southern part of the Temple Mount. (source)

Some historians (such as Al-Yaqubi) have attributed this strange structure to the political situation at the time and the desire of Abdel Malik to retain the power base of Islam in having the pilgrimage located at Jerusalem rather than Mecca:

`Abd al-Malik prevented the people of Sham from the hajj and this is because Ibn al-Zubayr was taking the pledge of allegience from the pilgrims. When `Abd al-Malik had found out about this, he prevented them from setting out to Makkah. But the people protested and said: “Do you prevent us from doing the pilgrimage to the Sacred House of Allah while it is a duty from Allah upon us ?” He said: “Here is Ibn Shihabuddin al-Zuhri narrating to you that the Messenger of Allah said: “The caravans should not be set out except for three mosques, the Sacred Mosque, my present Mosque and the Mosque of Jerusalem” [which] stands for the Sacred Mosque for you. And here is the Rock on [which] it is narrated that the Prophet set his foot before ascending to the heavens, it stands for the Ka`bah. Then he built a Dome on the Rock, suspended silk curtains on it and appointed servants for it. And told the people to revolve around it like they revolve around the Ka`bah and so it was during the rule of Bani Umayyah.[ Ahmad b. Abu Ya`qub Ibn Wadih al-Ya`qubi (Ed. M. T. Houtsma), Tarikh, 1883, Volume II, Leiden, p. 311.1]

Ø       The Kaaba – Jerusalem;

“God has made the Kaaba to be the Restricted Sanctuary, to enforce for the people, and for the restricted month, and for the donations, and for regulation; that is so you know that God knows what is in heavens and what is in Earth, and that God is aware of all things.” (The Message 5:97)

We are told that the word ‘Kaaba’ means a ‘cube shape’ and that the site in Mecca has been constructed in accordance with this design requirement.

A photo of Mecca’s Shrine (the Kaba) taken in 1950

However, the meaning of ‘cube’ associated to this word has no basis in the Scripture itself nor even to the Arabic language still in use today (the word for cube is mu’ka’ab, not kaaba or kaab).

The word ‘Kaab/Kaaba’ are associated in Arabic to any feature that is protruding, such as the bones to the side of the ankles as can be seen below:

“O you who believe, if you rise to attend the Salat, then wash your faces and your hands up to the elbows, and wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles (Kaabain); and if you have had intercourse, then you shall bathe. And if you are ill, or traveling, or you have excreted feces, or you have had sexual contact with the women, and you could not find water, then you shall select from the clean soil; you shall wipe your faces and your hands with it. God does not want to make any hardship over you, but He wants to cleanse you and to complete His blessings upon you that you may be appreciative.” (The Message 5:6)

Thus, any construct, regardless of its shape can be called a ‘Kaaba’ as long as it stands out from the plain.

What we need to ask to be more detailed is: ‘are there any special features that are protruding at the site of the temple of Mecca or Jerusalem that would give it the description of being a Kaaba’

With regards to the temple of Mecca, we have no apparent evidence of any special structure, however, with regards to the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, we have as the name indicates, a special feature that is the presence of a Rock Formation that protrudes from the earth as part of the original mount and upon which the Dome was built.

A photo of the Rock within the Dome 

What is interesting to note regarding the stone is that it is attributed as the spot where Abraham attempted to sacrifice his son in fulfillment of the vision he had seen. This would technically make the stone the marker given the name by God of “Maqam Ibrahim” (place/location of Abraham) which we are told would be found within the Temple/Sanctuary:

 “The first Sanctuary established for the people is the one in Bakk’a, blessed, and a guidance for the worlds. In it are clear signs: the place of Abraham (maqam Ibrahim). And whoever enters it will be secure. And God is owed from mankind to make Pilgrimage to the Sanctuary, whoever can make a path to it. And whoever rejects, then God has no need of the worlds.” (The Message 3:96-97)

Please note the apparent discrepancy for the site of Mecca where the alleged “Maqam Ibrahim” has been placed outside the alleged sanctuary/temple:

 

Photo of “Maqam Ibrahim” – Mecca Arabia

 

 

Part III – Mohammed Emigrates.

This is where the Sunnis and Shia begin to agree with the narration taken from the Scripture. After preaching the message of God to his own community of Baca; and after finding much resistance and oppression…Mohammed Emigrates from his home after all attempts to establish a ‘God Alone Community’ are met with failure and defeat.

“And many a town was stronger than your own town, which drove you out. We destroyed them, and there was none who could help them.” (The Message 47:13)

Ø       The Migration/Hijra:

“O prophet, We have made lawful for you the wives to whom you have already given their dowry, and the one who is committed to you by oath, as granted to you by God, and the daughters of your father’s brothers, and the daughters of your father’s sisters, and the daughters of your mother’s brothers, and the daughters of your mother’s sisters, of whom they have emigrated with you. Also, the believing woman who had decreed herself to the prophet, the prophet may marry her if he wishes, as a privilege given only to you and not to the believers. We have already decreed their rights in regard to their spouses and those who are still dependant. This is to spare you any hardship. God is Forgiver, Merciful.” (The Message 33:50)

 

“God has pardoned the prophet and the emigrants and the supporters that followed him in the darkest hour, even though the hearts of some of them nearly deviated, but then He pardoned them. He is towards them Compassionate, Merciful.” (The Message 9:117)

We can clearly read that Mohammed (and his followers/supporters & family members) all emigrated from their town of Baca to at least one or possibly two locations …

Ø       Yathrib:

One of these places where Mohammed emigrated was known as ‘Yathrib’:’

And a group of them said: “O people of Yathrib, you cannot make a stand; therefore, retreat.” And a small party of them sought permission from the prophet, saying: “Our homes are exposed,” while they were not exposed. They just wanted to flee.” (The Message 33:13)

Jurisdiction of Rome around the period 600 A.D.

Looking at the map of Rome’s jurisdiction at the time, it would make perfect sense that Mohammed would migrate south away from Rome’s influence towards a place where they had no jurisdiction. It is therefore plausible that one of the places where the prophet migrated was the town known today as `Medina` in the area of north west Arabia where certain artifacts related to the prophet and his era seem to have been found.

Ø       Beca/Jerusalem is still Mohammed’s Focal Point.

The first sanctuary established for the people is the one in Bakk’a, blessed, and a guidance for the worlds.” (The Message 3:96)

Although Mohammed has been evicted, he is still upholding the focal point of the Temple in Jerusalem…This would explain why the Sunnis and Shia record until today that the prophet did indeed face Jerusalem for the first part of his stay in Medina (as evidenced by the mosque with two qiblas) and why they still call Jerusalem the ‘1st qibla’.

But the question still remains: ‘how was the qibla changed?’

Ø       God Establishes a new Focal Point (Qibla):

“The foolish from amongst the people will Say: “What has turned them away from the focal point that they were on?” Say: “To God is the east and the west, He guides whomsoever He wishes to a straight path.” (The Message 2:142)

Here is a clear ‘turning’ away from the existing focal point to newer one.

In-fact, this is where traditions and archeology meet with the Scripture as they relate that when the prophet came to Medina, he set the focal point towards the North East (in this case they claim Jerusalem), and that after a period of time he set it in the opposite direction. 

What is an interesting point to note is that if we drew a straight line from Medina to Jerusalem (in-line with the original qibla as per the Scripture), and then we extend the same line completely in the opposite direction (in-line with the turning away from the qibla as per the Scripture), we see that the alleged temple of Mecca, contrary to what the Sunnis and Shia claimed,  does not come onto this path.

An imaginary line drawn from Medina to Jerusalem and opposite.

Ø       Why Change to a New Focal Point?

Establishing a new ‘Focal Point’ (or Qibla) has precedence in the Quran and was done during the time of the Exodus when Moses and his companions were on the run from Pharaoh and needed to face towards the direction where their enemy would come from during their Salat.

“And We inspired to Moses and his brother: “Let your people leave their homes in Egypt, and let these homes be your focal point (Qibla) and uphold the contact-method. And give good news to the believers.” (The Message 10:87)

As for Mohammed’s people…it was a ‘test’ of sorts:

“And as such, We have made you a balanced nation so that you may be witness over the people, and that the messenger may be witness over you. And We did not make the focal point that you became on except to distinguish who follows the messenger from those who will turn on their heels. It was a great thing indeed except for those whom God had guided; God was not to waste your belief. God is Merciful and Compassionate over the people.” (The Message 2:143)

Ø       The Medina/Yathrib Expansion:

During his time in Yathrib, Mohammed and his followers were forced into a number of conflicts which gave them governance over lands/areas they had previously not been involved with.

“And He inherited you their land, their homes, their money, and lands you had never stepped on. God is able to do all things.” (The Message 33:27)

 

“And recall when you were but a few who were weak in the land, you were fearful that men might capture you. But He sheltered you, and He supported you with His victory, and He provided you with good provisions, so that you may be thankful.” (The Message 8:26)

Ø       Financial Growth & Development:

You should know: “Of anything you gain, that one-fifth shall go to God and the messenger, and the relatives, and the orphans, and the poor, and the wayfarer.” You will do this if you believe in God and in what We revealed to Our servant on the day of the Criterion, the day the two armies clashed. God is able to do all things.” (The Message 8:41)

Ø       Military Strategy & Experience:

It was during this ‘Yathrib Campaign’ that it would seem most of the warfare’ verses were revealed (4:77, 47:20, 2:217).

And prepare for them all that you can of might, and from the steeds of war, that you may instil fear with it towards God’s enemy and your enemy, and others beside them whom you do not know but God knows them. And whatever you spend in the cause of God will be returned to you, and you will not be wronged.” (The Message 8:60)

Ø       Rome was to be fought!

This was a prediction of the inevitable battle against an organized and well trained army…The results as we shall see were quite disastrous.

“Say to those Nomads who lagged behind: “You will be called on to fight a people who are very powerful in warfare, unless they surrender. Then if you obey, God will grant  you a good reward, but if you turn away as you turned away before, He will punish you with a painful retribution.” (The Message 48:16)
where was mohammed? part 4,5,6

Advertisements

0 Responses to “where was mohammed? part 1,2,3”



  1. Leave a Comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s


Stefan Rosty Founded TruthBooth22.04.07

  • 470,895 hitz

“Virtual Insanity”

That's not nature's way Well that's what they said yesterday There's nothing left to do but pray I think it's time I found a new religion Waoh - it's so insane To synthesize another strain There's something in these Futures that we have to be told. JAMIROQUAI

RSS Genuine Islam

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

trashcontentz (by day)

May 2007
M T W T F S S
« Apr   Jun »
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031  

trashcontentz (by month)

Bookmarks

RSS 9-11 News

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS RationalReality.com

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS Selves and Others

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS المؤلف: احمد صبحي منصور


%d bloggers like this: