17
May
07

Salat of Quran

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Quranic Salat

The numbers of regular daily prayersSalat” mentioned by their respective names in Arabic as a “term” in the “Quran” are “three” as follows:

1- Salat Fajr (صَلَاةِ الْفَجْرِ) (Dawn Prayer), (Sura Al-Nur 24:58).

2- Al-Salat Al-Wusta (الصَّلاَةِ الْوُسْطَى) or (الصَّلاَةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى غَسَقِ اللَّيْلِ ) (or The Middle Prayer), (Sura Al-Baqarah 2:238) and (Sura Al-Isra 17:78).

3- Salat Isha’a (صَلَاةِ الْعِشَاءِ) (Night Prayer), (Sura Al-Nur 24:58).

Note that (الصَّلاَةِ الْوُسْطَى) in (Sura Al-Baqarah 2:238) and (الصَّلاَةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى غَسَقِ اللَّيْلِ ) in (Sura Al-Isra 17:78) are the same “Salat” because these both “Salat” has (ال) common with them indicating that these are the same “Salat” as compared to (صَلَاةِ الْفَجْرِ) and (صَلَاةِ الْعِشَاءِ) which are without (ال) with word (صَلَاةِِ).

(ال) in Arabic is equivalent to the word “The” in English, indicating the importance of the middle prayer.

The following three “Salat” which are not mentioned in “Quran” by their names as a “term” in Arabic are as:

1- Salat Dhuhr (ظهر).

2- Salat Asr (عصر).

3- Salat Maghrib (مغرب).

Although, the words “Dhuhr (ظهر)”, “Asr (عصر)” and “Maghrib (مغرب)” are used in Quran but not as a “Term” defining “Salat”. In Sura Al-Nur 24: 58, the word “noon” is used but not as a “Salat Time” or as a “Salat Al-Dhuhr” but rather than as a “Time of Privacy/Rest Time”. For references and proof of the fact stated above, read the following verses in the Quran in Arabic & English.

حَافِظُواْ عَلَى الصَّلَوَاتِ والصَّلاَةِ الْوُسْطَى وَقُومُواْ لِلّهِ قَانِتِينَ

(Sura Al-Baqarah 2:238).

Guard strictly your (habit of) prayers, especially the Middle Prayer; and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind). (Sura Al-Baqarah 2:238).

أَقِمِ الصَّلاَةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى غَسَقِ اللَّيْلِ وَقُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا

(Sura Al-Isra 17:78).

Establish regular prayers – at the sun’s decline till the darkness of the night, and the morning prayer and reading: for the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony. (Sura Al-Isra 17:78).

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لِيَسْتَأْذِنكُمُ الَّذِينَ مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ لَمْ يَبْلُغُوا الْحُلُمَ مِنكُمْ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ مِن قَبْلِ صَلَاةِ الْفَجْرِ وَحِينَ تَضَعُونَ ثِيَابَكُم مِّنَ الظَّهِيرَةِ وَمِن بَعْدِ صَلَاةِ الْعِشَاءِ ثَلَاثُ عَوْرَاتٍ لَّكُمْ لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَلَا عَلَيْهِمْ جُنَاحٌ بَعْدَهُنَّ طَوَّافُونَ عَلَيْكُم بَعْضُكُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ كَذَلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمُ الْآيَاتِ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ

(Sura Al-Nur 24: 58.).

O ye who believe! let those whom your right hand possess, and those of you, who have not reached puberty, ask leave of you at three times before coming into your private apartments -before the Morning Prayer (Salat Al-Fajr), and when you lay aside your clothes at noon (in summer) and after the night Prayer (Salat Al-Esha). These are the three times of privacy for you. At other times there is no blame on you nor on them, for some of you have to attend upon others and to move about freely according to need. Thus does Allah make plain to you the Signs; for Allah is All-Knowing, Wise. (Sura Al-Nur 24: 58.).

Further reading

[1] The Realities of our Daily Prayers

[2] Salaat Prayer According to the Quran

[3] Three Salat Authorised In the Quran

[4] What Is Salat?

[5] SALAT = REACHING-OUT

Retrieved from “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salat_of_Quran


8 Responses to “Salat of Quran”


  1. 1 Rana Ammar Mazhar
    September 20, 2007 at 11:51 pm

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Salah

    Salat Timings of Quran

    Salat Timings of Quran are mentioned in the following verses:

    In Quran 11:114, three Salat Times are described at both ends of the day, and at night.

    And establish regular prayers at the two ends of the day and at the approaches of the night. (Sura Hud (11), 114. Translation by Yusuf Ali).

    “You shall observe the contact prayers at both ends of the daylight, that is, during the adjacent hours of the night”. (11:114).

    وَأَقِمِ الصَّلاَةَ طَرَفَيِ النَّهَارِ وَزُلَفًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَاتِ يُذْهِبْنَ السَّيِّئَاتِ ذَلِكَ ذِكْرَى لِلذَّاكِرِينَ

    (Sura Hud: 11:114).

    “You shall observe the Salat (Contact Prayers) at the ends of the day, and zulufann min al-layl.” (11:114).

    فَاصْبِرْ عَلَى مَا يَقُولُونَ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ غُرُوبِهَا وَمِنْ آنَاءِ اللَّيْلِ فَسَبِّحْ وَأَطْرَافَ النَّهَارِ لَعَلَّكَ تَرْضَى

    (Sura Taha: 20:130).

    Therefore, be patient in the face of their utterances, and praise and glorify your Lord before sunrise and before sunset. And during the night glorify Him, as well as at both ends of the day, that you may be happy. (20:130).

    فَاصْبِرْ عَلَى مَا يَقُولُونَ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ الْغُرُوبِ

    (Sura Qaf: 50:39).

    وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَسَبِّحْهُ وَأَدْبَارَ السُّجُودِ

    (Sura Qaf: 50:40).

    Therefore, be patient in the face of their utterances, and praise and glorify your Lord before sunrise, and before sunset. (50:39). During the night you shall meditate on His name, and after prostrating. (50:40).

    أَقِمِ الصَّلاَةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى غَسَقِ اللَّيْلِ وَقُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا

    (Sura Al-Isra 17:78).

    Establish regular prayers – at the sun’s decline till the darkness of the night, and the morning prayer and reading: for the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony. (Sura Al-Isra 17:78).

    Further “Verily, Prayers are enjoined upon the Believers at times assigned in a written document.” (Quran 4:103/4:104 in some translations).

    “O you who believe, when the Salat is announced on Friday, you shall hasten to the commemoration of God, and drop all business. This is better for you, if you only knew. Once the prayer is completed, you may spread through the land to seek God’s bounties, and continue to remember God frequently, that you may succeed.” (62:9-10).

    And neither speak thy Prayer aloud nor speak it in a low tone but seek a middle course between. (Sura Al-Isra (17) verse 110 Translation by Yusuf Ali).

    For the usage of the word “Esha” (evening) see: 12:16; 79:46.

    The times of Dawn & Evening Prayers are defined above. The middle or Salat Al-Wusta can be observed from the moment the sun begins its descend from its highest point in the sky (duluk al shams) until the darkness of the night (ghasaq al-layl) starts to set in, which is at sunset.

    “You shall observe the Salat (Contact Prayer) from when the sun declines from its highest point up till the ‘ghasaq al-layl’ (the darkness of the night).” (17:78).

    “You shall observe the contact prayer when the sun goes down until the darkness of the night. You shall also observe the Quran at dawn. Reading the Quran at dawn is witnessed.” (17:78).

    The Verse 38:32 implies that the time of the Middle prayer ends with sunset.

    The Fajr (Dawn) Prayer starts when the first thin ray of light is observed in the sky.

    “The white thread of light becomes distinguishable from the dark thread of night at dawn.” (2:187).

    The time for the dawn prayer is also given in the Quran with the words.

    ” …….. and at dawn as the stars fade away.” (52:49).

    The Dawn prayer ends at the first “taraf” (terminal) of the day which is sunrise (11:114).

    From the above cited verses Quran Alone group says that there are Three Salat Timings in the Quran. Whereas Ahle Hadith group proves from the same cited verses that there are Five Salat Timings. .

    Contact Prayers in Biblical Passages

    Contact Prayers in Biblical passages are striking.

    “And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.” (1 Samuel 20:41).

    “As for me, I will call upon God; and the Lord shall save me. Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I pray, and cry aloud: and he shall hear my voice.” (Psalms 55:16-17) (PS: crying aloud apparently means praying with passion).

    “Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did afortime.” (Daniel 6:10).

  2. 2 Rana Ammar Mazhar
    September 20, 2007 at 11:54 pm

    Thanks

  3. September 21, 2007 at 12:58 am

    أَقِمِ الصَّلاَةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى غَسَقِ اللَّيْلِ وَقُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا

    (Sura Al-Isra 17:78).

    Establish regular prayers – at the sun’s decline till the darkness of the night, and the morning prayer and reading: for the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony. (Sura Al-Isra 17:78).

    * د ل ك * * دلك * الشيء من باب نصر و * دلكت * الشمس زالت وبابه دخل ومنه قوله تعالى { أقم الصلاة لدلوك الشمس { وقيل * دلوكها * غروبها

    غروب = sunset

    which is the salat al wusta

    please visit

    https://pressthat.wordpress.com/2007/06/19/timings-of-salat-according-to-the-quran/

    thank you rana

  4. September 21, 2007 at 1:15 am

    From the above cited verses Quran Alone group says that there are Three Salat Timings in the Quran. Whereas Ahle Hadith group proves from the same cited verses that there are Five Salat Timings. .

    where are the other two salats ?

    how can al wusta be the asr prayer unless we add an extra dhuhr and pretend that 24:58 mentioned it because the word (الظَّهِيرَةِ) is mentioned , and finally al wusta in 2:238 is the asr with no specific timing.

    O YOU who have attained to faith! At three times (of day), let (even) those whom you rightfully pos¬sess, as well as those from among you who have not yet attained to puberty, ask leave of you (before intruding upon your privacy): before the fajr prayer , and whenever you lay aside your garments in the middle of the day, and after the esha prayer : the three occasions on which your nakedness is likely to be bared. Beyond these (occasions), neither you nor they will incur any sin if they move (freely) about you, attending to (the needs of)one another. In this way God makes clear unto you His messages: for God is all-knowing, wise!

    يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لِيَسْتَأْذِنكُمُ الَّذِينَ مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ لَمْ يَبْلُغُوا الْحُلُمَ مِنكُمْ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ مِن قَبْلِ صَلَاةِ الْفَجْرِ وَحِينَ تَضَعُونَ ثِيَابَكُم مِّنَ الظَّهِيرَةِ وَمِن بَعْدِ صَلَاةِ الْعِشَاء ثَلَاثُ عَوْرَاتٍ لَّكُمْ لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَلَا عَلَيْهِمْ جُنَاحٌ بَعْدَهُنَّ طَوَّافُونَ عَلَيْكُم بَعْضُكُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ كَذَلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمُ الْآيَاتِ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌَ

  5. September 21, 2007 at 1:47 am

    sometimes 17:78 is considered mentioning al dhuhr like

    http://www.universalunity.org/20.html

    which is untrue …

    the meaning of the word (لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْس) is the disappearance of the sun, when the sun is gone, which is sunset.

  6. September 21, 2007 at 2:05 am

    Hadith collections about “The Middle Prayer” do not clearly indicate that which one is “The Middle Prayer”? But rather than they confuse the situation.

    According to some Hadith, it is Dhuhr prayer ; according to some Hadith, it is Asr prayer.

  7. 7 jesus
    January 7, 2009 at 5:26 am

    ay check it I appreciate you all very much,searching for the truth of, Islam, is a little rocky, reasons being upon hadith especially. Some may be true but there are always leaks, I thank ALLAH THAT I WAS ABLE TO NOTICE THIS when accepting Islam so this site is a mercy and I’m very grateful keep up. Three times a day IS reasonable WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT IT HOW COULD YOU GET THINGS DONE WHEN HAVING TO PRAY 2 MORE PRAYERS JUST 3 OR FOUR HOURS APART FROM EACH OTHER YOU KNOW THE NOON TO ASR THEN ASR TO MAGHRIB TO CLOSE. Now from the suns decline from its highest point til sunset is enough time to work and not forget the middle prayer ALLAH is not hard on us. well just had to write get back at me, count me in on the missions. may peace be upon us, INSHA ALLAH. (THANKS)


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